Suffixes are a letter or group of letters added at the end of a word which makes a new word.
Learning how suffixes are used in English, can help you to improve your understanding and comprehension of the English language. There are two types of suffixes used in English.
Endings areadded to a word for grammatical purposes, but they never change the word class.
Endings change the meaning and create a ‘new word’ and the word class changes. Nouns can turn into verbs, verbs into adjectives and adjectives into nouns… it gets kind of crazy! In the chart below you will find some basic examples, but there are many more out there.
This is a good video explaining the different types and showing examples. Youtube is an excellent way to sharpen your grammar skills while practicing your listening.
[embedvideo type=”youtube” id=”pYdIjc85tRc”]
Somethingto try… when you are reading something in English (on paper) go through the text and look for all of the suffixes and circle/highlight them. You will be amazed at how many you will find. Use one color for the inflectional ones that you find and another color for the derivational suffixes.