What are reductions? – These are shortened, combined, or ‘reduced’ forms of English words. For example gonna (going to), wanna (want to) and hafta (have to). There aren’t ‘real’ words in English and are not used in writing however they are frequently used in spoken and informal English, especially in movies and music, so it’s a good idea to know about reductions in order to understand these and to sound more natural when you are speaking with native English speakers.
So let’s have a look at some:
gonna – going to gotta – got to hafta – have to hasta – has to wanna – want to whaddaya – what do you howdya – how do you
Have a look to see if you can hear these the next time you listen to some English pop music.
My favourite is ‘dunno’, which means ‘I don’t know’!